A study carried out by the Secretariat of the Interior indicates that, although most migrant deaths occur in the United States, highways in Mexico are a risk.
All people are born with the right to migrate. Human Rights Day is held on December 10, in recognition of this right and all the other unalienable rights that correspond to everyone.
Mexico is a geographical route for many of the Central American and Caribbean migrants who are trying to reach the United States. However, railroad accidents and the poor condition of the country’s highways are among the main risks… and the main causes of death.
Between 2014 and 2019, 1,998 migrant deaths were recorded. However, most happened on US soil.
On Thursday December 9, a trailer transporting migrants who had boarded in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, rolled over, resulting in at least 55 deaths and 105 injured people.
Official reports indicate that the damaged vehicle was transporting around 160 migrants of Guatemalan, Honduran, Dominican and Salvadoran nationalities in two boxes. After the incident, the driver fled the scene.
According to the document Routes: Studies on mobility and international migration, prepared by the Migration Studies Center at the Migration Policy, Registration and Identity of Persons Unit of the Secretary of the Interior (SEGOB for its abbreviation in Spanish), 1,270 deaths were recorded in the United States; 662 in Mexican territory; and 66 in northern Central America.
Also, it is estimated that 86% of the migrants detected in transit use the country’s highways to reach the United States, so it is “common” for highway accidents to occur.
The document says that this is the case, “especially in the southeast, where poor highway conditions add to the poor condition of the vehicles.”
It adds that “for irregular migration, transportation represents one of the greatest risks that people face, as many times it leads them to situations that end their lives.”
This study warns that the states of Chiapas, Tamaulipas, and Coahuila are where mainly female deaths were detected. The three leading causes of death for migrant women were vehicular and train accidents, drownings, and violence.
In contrast, of the total of the deceased men, 222 died from drowning, 134 from train accidents and 65 from vehicular accidents. The total number of recorded deaths of men due to violence stood at 50.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) published a statement on December 8, in which it reported that, since 2014, at least 3,575 deaths have been documented on the border between Mexico and the United States.
The IOM notes that 650 people have died trying to cross the US border this year alone, the highest number since the IOM began documenting deaths in 2014.
It reveals that there is a low death rate on the migration route that passes through states such as Puebla, Tlaxcala, State of Mexico, Querétaro, and Guanajuato. The migration routes of Sonora and Chihuahua have a medium and low index.
States in the center of the country and on the Pacific coast are significantly less risky, but since there are longer distances between the southern and northern borders of Mexico, taking these routes has the highest risks, which means that they should not be the first choice of transit.
Most of the deaths are concentrated on the US side, at the borders of Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.